(+20) 101 777 4068 info@jakadatoursegypt.com
(+20) 101 777 4068 info@jakadatoursegypt.com
Temple of Luxor

The Temple of Luxor is one of the most famous tourist attractions and the second biggest temple in Luxor, Egypt. In Egypt “the pharaonic land” you can find a great number of historical destinations that attract many tourists from all over the world. One of the most important cities in Egypt is Luxor.

Because of the belief of the ancient Egyptians and the importance of the religion they imported to build the temples consecrated to their gods. In Luxor, there are most of the monuments of Egypt. The city of Luxor is famous for its temples because it was the ancient capital of the New Empire and is considered a great open museum. One of the important temples is the Temple of Luxor. The Temple of Luxor is considered the second largest temple in Egypt after the Temple of Karnak.

Luxor Temple Facts

The Luxor Temple, located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor (ancient Thebes), is a large ancient Egyptian temple complex dating back to around 1400 BCE. Unlike other temples in Thebes, Luxor Temple is not dedicated to a cult god or a deified version of the pharaoh in death. Instead, it is dedicated to the rejuvenation of kingship; it may have been where many of the kings of Egypt were crowned.

Key Highlights:

Construction and Builders

The temple was primarily built by Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BCE) of the 18th Dynasty and completed by Tutankhamun (1336-1327 BCE) and Horemheb (1323-1295 BCE). Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE) of the 19th Dynasty also made significant additions to the temple.

Architectural Features

The temple complex is notable for its massive pylon (gateway) built by Ramses II. The pylon is decorated with scenes of Ramses’ military expeditions, particularly his victory at the Battle of Kadesh.
The Avenue of Sphinxes, a ceremonial road flanked by sphinx statues, once connected Luxor Temple to Karnak Temple, another major temple complex in Thebes.

Significant Structures

  • Hypostyle Hall: A large hall with numerous columns, built by Amenhotep III.
    Courtyards: The Peristyle Courtyard of Amenhotep III and the Sun Court of Ramses II are two key open-air courts within the temple.
    Sanctuary: The innermost part of the temple contains a sanctuary dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu.

Religious Significance

Luxor Temple was a focal point for the annual Opet Festival, a celebration that involved the procession of statues of the gods from Karnak to Luxor Temple, symbolizing the divine rejuvenation of the pharaoh.

Roman and Later Periods

During the Roman period, the temple and its surroundings were incorporated into a fortress and a Roman legionary base.
A chapel built by Alexander the Great and a shrine of Serapis were added during later periods.

Modern Discoveries

Excavations in the 19th and 20th centuries have revealed much about the temple’s structure and use. The discovery of numerous statues, sphinxes, and inscriptions has provided insight into the temple’s history and the religious practices associated with it.


Today, Luxor Temple is a major tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world. Its impressive ruins, detailed carvings, and historical significance make it a must-see site for those exploring ancient Egyptian history.

Interesting Facts

The temple was used continuously throughout the history of Egypt, with evidence of its use during the Christian era when parts of the temple were converted into a church.
The mosque of Abu Haggag, which dates back to the 13th century, was built within the temple complex and is still in use today.

Luxor Temple remains one of the best-preserved and most important archaeological sites in Egypt, offering a glimpse into the grandeur of ancient Thebes and the religious practices of ancient Egyptians.

The History of the Temple of Luxor

The importance of Luxor’s “Ancient Thebes” was a threat since the Xth Dynasty and in the New Empire, it was the capital.

The Temple was built by the order of Amenophis III in 1400 BC. It is devoted to the worship of Thebes’ triad, the god Amon-Ra, his wife Mut, and his son Jonsu. Its architect was Amenhotep (the son of Hapu).

The construction was restarted during the period of Tutankhamon and Ay was completed the decoration of the walls.

In the kingdom of Ramses II, some constructions were added. The old parts were built by Amenophis III and Ramses II but the new ones were built by Shabako, Nectanebo I, and the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Alexander Mango renovated the temple and added a chapel of the boat of the god of the Temple.

Why is the Luxor Temple Important

The Luxor Temple, located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor (ancient Thebes), Egypt, is one of the most significant and well-preserved ancient monuments. Its importance stems from several factors:

Historical Significance

  • Religious Center: The Luxor Temple was a major religious center dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. It played a crucial role in the annual Opet Festival, a celebration that strengthened the divine kingship and renewed the fertility of the land.
  • Pharaohs’ Contributions: Many prominent pharaohs, including Amenhotep III and Ramses II, contributed to its construction and embellishment. Their efforts showcase the temple’s significance across different reigns.
  • Symbol of Thebes’ Power: As Thebes became the capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, the Luxor Temple symbolized the city’s political and religious power.

Architectural Marvel

  • Construction and Design: The temple’s construction began under Amenhotep III in the 14th century BCE and was later expanded by Ramses II. The architectural design includes grand colonnades, large courtyards, and massive pylons, showcasing the grandeur and advanced engineering skills of ancient Egyptians.
  • Artistic Achievement: The temple is adorned with intricate carvings, statues, and reliefs that depict various religious and mythological scenes. These artworks provide valuable insights into ancient Egyptian beliefs, culture, and artistry.

Cultural and Religious Influence

  • Opet Festival: During the Opet Festival, the statues of the Theban Triad were carried from Karnak to Luxor Temple, linking the two religious sites and reinforcing their significance. This festival was a major event in the ancient Egyptian calendar, highlighting the temple’s importance in the religious life of the society.
  • Symbol of Rejuvenation: The Luxor Temple was associated with the concept of rejuvenation. Pharaohs often performed rituals here to legitimize their rule and renew their divine connection.

Archaeological and Touristic Value

  • Well-Preserved Site: The Luxor Temple is one of the best-preserved temples in Egypt. Its well-maintained state allows archaeologists and historians to study ancient Egyptian civilization in detail.
  • Tourist Attraction: Today, the Luxor Temple is a major tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world. It serves as a window into ancient Egypt, contributing significantly to the local economy and the global appreciation of Egypt’s cultural heritage.

Connection to Modern Culture

  • Historical Continuity: The temple has seen continuous use through various periods, including the Greco-Roman era, when it was repurposed as a church and later a mosque, reflecting its enduring cultural importance.
  • Modern Legacy: The mosque of Abu Haggag, built within the temple complex, exemplifies the blending of ancient and modern religious practices, making the Luxor Temple a unique symbol of historical continuity.

In summary, the Luxor Temple’s importance is multifaceted, encompassing religious, historical, architectural, cultural, and modern dimensions. It stands as a testament to the grandeur of ancient Egyptian civilization and continues to captivate scholars and tourists alike.

When was the Luxor temple built

The construction of the Luxor Temple began during the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, around 1390-1353 BCE, during the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom period in ancient Egypt. Amenhotep III was responsible for the initial construction of the temple’s main sanctuary, the colonnade, and the courtyard.

The temple was later expanded by Pharaoh Ramses II, who ruled from 1279-1213 BCE during the 19th Dynasty. Ramses II added the large pylon (gateway) at the entrance, the outer courtyard, and several colossal statues of himself, enhancing the grandeur of the temple.

Thus, the Luxor Temple’s construction and expansion spanned over several decades, primarily during the 14th and 13th centuries BCE.

Visitor Experience at Luxor Temple

Visiting Luxor Temple offers a unique and immersive experience for travelers. The temple is open to the public, and guided tours are available to provide historical context and insights into its significance. As visitors walk through the grand entrance and explore the courtyards, hypostyle hall, and sanctuaries, they can marvel at the impressive architecture and detailed reliefs.

The temple is particularly enchanting at night, when it is illuminated, creating a magical atmosphere. Luxor Temple’s accessibility and the richness of its historical and artistic features make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in ancient Egyptian history.

The Restoration and Conservation of Luxor Temple

The preservation of Luxor Temple has been a priority for archaeologists and conservationists. Over the years, various restoration projects have been undertaken to protect and restore the temple’s structures and artwork. These efforts have included cleaning and stabilizing the stone surfaces, repairing damaged reliefs, and reconstructing fallen columns.

Modern technology, such as 3D scanning and digital mapping, has also been employed to document the temple’s condition and plan conservation strategies. The ongoing work to preserve Luxor Temple ensures that this ancient marvel continues to inspire and educate future generations about Egypt’s rich cultural heritage.

Best Trips to Egypt by Jakada Tours Egypt

To enjoy an organized trip and visit the important temples of Luxor, Egypt by a cruise on the Nile between Luxor and Aswan, check our Egypt Vacation Packages and choose your trip.

Proceed Booking

Need Help? Chat with us