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Temple of Edfu

The General Description of the Temple of Edfu

The Temple of Edfu the most preserved temple of worship in Egypt.

Because it one of the last temples built during the Ptolemaic Empire between 237 and 57 b.c to be a place of worship of the deity of heaven Horus.

It is the second-largest temple in Egypt after the Temple of Karnak.

Read more about Temple of Philae in details.

Moreover, Located on the western bank of the Nile River, halfway between Luxor and Aswan, Quick tour in Aswan Day Tours

Temple of Edfu


Why is the Temple of Horus at Edfu important?

The Temple of Edfu is very important.

Because it perfectly reflects the fusion between the Ptolemaic culture and the Pharaonic culture of ancient Egypt.

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Inscriptions on its walls provided useful information about religion, language, and mythology during the Hellenistic period in Egypt and that was useful.


The History of the Temple of Horus at Edfu

The temple built by the order of Ptolemy III.

On August 23, 237 BC, and completed in the reign of Ptolemy XII in 57 BC.

Temple of Edfu

What was Temple of Horus built for?

The temple built on the site where Horus believed to have fought against Seth to avenge the murder of Osiris (Horus’ father) and his brother according to the famous myth of Isis and Osiris.

Moreover, All this information revealed thanks to the scenes and important inscriptions found on the walls of the temple.

The temple lost its prestige after the end of the Roman Empire, the rise of Christianity, and the prohibition of paganism in 391 AD.

Who discovered the Temple of Horus ?

It buried in the sand, protected in the heart of the desert for centuries

Until it excavated in 1860 by a French Egyptologist named Auguste Mariette.

The Architecture and Temple of Edfu plan

Temple of Edfu

The architecture of the temple is unique, as it combines elements of Greek and Egyptian culture.

Temple of Edfu contains a Greek birth house “Mamisi” west of the entrance at a height of 36 m

And two granite statues of Horus at the site where however, the annual coronation festival held

And where the recreation of the divine birth of Horus performed.

It has one of the highest pylons in Egypt that reaches the height of 37 m,

Built by Ptolemy IX, however, around it there is a group of rooms like the Hypostyle room, built by Ptolemy VII

However, That contain a ceiling with a painting of astronomical signs

That symbolizes the sky held by two rows of six pillars, the hall of festivals and the room of offerings.

The most sacred part of the Temple of Edfu is the “Sanctuary of Horus”.

As it contains a black granite shrine, however, which decorated by Nectanebo II, making it the oldest relic in the temple.

The wall has scenes of Ptolemy IV worshipping Horus.


Tours to Egyptian temples – Edfu Egypt

The Temple of Edfu or “Temple of Horus” is an incredible historical site to visit, so we have created travel packages to Egypt with a cruise on the Nile to visit the temple along with other Egyptian attractions, dicover now Famous Ancient Egyptian Symbols and their meanings

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