Luxor is a very interesting city in Egypt because it has many attractions. Most of the monuments of Egypt are in Luxor for that reason it attracts a great number of tourists to know closely the pharaonic life.
For the great quantity of the pharaonic objects that they discovered and recovered, a great number of the monuments are deposited. That is why it is important to build museums to exhibit the Pharaonic monuments. One of the important museums in Egypt is the Luxor Museum.
The Establishment of the Luxor Museum
In 1962 the Egyptian Ministry of Culture hired the architect Mahmoud El-Hakim to build the Museum. The Museum of Luxor was built between the years 1972 and 1975. It opened to the public in December 1975.
In 1989 statues were discovered in the courtyard of the Temple of Luxor so in 1991 a new room was added to the Luxor Museum (the first extension). The second extension was in 2004 as a modernization of the Museum.
The Construction of the Luxor Museum
The Luxor Museum is located in the center of Luxor “Thebes” between the Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple, near the Nile River. The Museum consists of two floors that house statues, sarcophagi, vessels, fragments, and many objects from various dynasties.
Most of the exhibits are from the New and Middle Kingdom that were buried in the tombs and temples. In the second extension, new designs were made, they changed the illumination to make a good effect in the dark gray of the walls.
The Important Statues in the Museum of Luxor
-The Statue of Thutmose III: (18th Dynasty), was found buried in the Temple of Karnak. It is made of gray limestone with a slate.
-Amenhotep III’s Head: (XVIIIth Dynasty), the head was found in his temple. The head is with the white crown of Lower Egypt. The cobra is on its forehead and has a false beard.
-The Head Sestrosis III: (of the XIIth Dynasty), was a ruler of the Middle Empire. He has the cobra on his forehead, unplucked ears, and natural lips. The cheekbones of the face are marked by the illumination.
-The Column of Antef II: (XIth Dynasty), is considered the first object found in the Temple of Karnak.
-The Statue of Amenemhat III: (from the XIIth Dynasty), is a black granite statue with a base where the inscription “beloved of Amun-Ra, Lord of Karnak”.
-A Sphinx; from the Middle Kingdom, it was found in the Temple of Karnak.
-The Statue of Tutankhamun: (from the XVIII Dynasty), was found hidden in the Temple of Karnak. It carries in its hand an amulet of the goddess Isis.
-Bas-relief: shows Tutmosis III (XVIIIth Dynasty), was found in the Temple of Deir El-Bahari.
-Statue of the god Sobek with Amenhotep III: the statue of the god Sobek (a man with a crocodile head) is seated on his throne. The statues were built of alabaster.
-The Statues of god Amon and His Wife goddess Mut: sitting on a throne where there is an inscription with the name of Seti I (from XIXth Dynasty). They are made of black granite.
-The Statue of Thutmosis III; he is sitting on his throne where there is an inscription “the beloved of Amon, Lord of Thebes”. It was found in the Temple of Deir El-Bahari.
-A Mural Fragment: it is made of red granite, representing Amenhotep II as an archer in a hair chariot. It was found at the Temple of Karnak.
-The Statue of Amenhotep II: (from the XVIII Dynasty), is of red granite. It was found in the Temple of Karnak.
-The Statue of Amenhotep (son of Hapu): he was an architect, the statue was built in the Reign of Amenhotep III.
-Weapons; arrows, spears, ax leaves, shields, bows.
-The Sarcophagus of Imeni and Geheset: it is decorated with religious texts.
-The Statue of Ramses II: (from the XIX dynasty), this statue of Ramses II was built of red and gray granite.
-The Statue of Amenhotep III: is crowned by the god Amon putting his left hand on Amenhotep III, but the head of Amon is missing.
-The Canopic Vessels.
-Several heads; of Amenhotep III, Amenhotep I, Sestrosis III, Thutmosis III, and others.
About the Museum of Luxor
The Museum not only has pharaonic objects but also contains Islamic pieces from the Mamluk and Coptic period of the 5th century. In the second extension in 2004 new rooms were added under the name “Thebes Glory Hall” which contains the monuments of the time when Thebes reached its peak.
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