The oases of Egypt are considered a very important tourist destination. The most outstanding oasis in Egypt is the Kharga Oasis. The Kharga is considered the largest oasis in Egypt. It is in the Western Desert, 200 km from the valley of the Nile so it is the closest oasis in the valley. It is 602 km from Cairo.
It is the most populated oasis in Egypt with more than 100 thousand inhabitants. It is famous for ceramics. It is the capital of the province of “Wadi El-Gedid” which means the New Valley.
The History of Kharga Oasis
It was known by the ancient Egyptians as the Southern Oasis but by the Romans, it was known as the Oasis Magna. It was important in ancient Egypt. Its importance started from being a transit point for caravans in the 12th Dynasty. The caravans passed through the Forty Way that passes inside the Kharga Oasis and connects Egypt and Sudan. The Oasis flourished in the 12th Dynasty and was considered a refuge for Christians from persecution by the Roman Empire. Also during this Roman period fortified cities of various sizes, temples and necropolis were built. The famous dagger of King Tutankhamen is made of a meteorite iron from the Kharga Oasis. The Greek historian Herodotus mentioned that the Oasis is the place where the Persian king Campus and his army rested on their way, before they disappeared, to destroy the temple of Amun-Zeus in the Siwa Oasis.
The Temples at Kharga Oasis
The Museum of Antiquities: where objects from the prehistoric period to the Islamic period that were discovered in the Kharga Oasis are exhibited. It was built with Christian style and architecture.
The Temple of Hibis: The city of Hibis was the capital of the oasis. This temple is the only thing that remains of this city. The Temple is preserved. It was built in the XXV Dynasty, dedicated to the gods Amon, Mut, and Jonsu. It is located in the hypostyle room with reliefs of the god Set and the corridor, there are sphinxes, patios, and a sanctuary.
The Necropolis of El Bagwat: a Christian cemetery that has more than 263 adobe tombs from the 4th to the 6th century. On its walls, it has paintings that tell of the departure of the Israelis from Egypt.
Qasr Al Ghuita: It is a sand temple that was built in the XXV dynasty. It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Mut, and Jonsu. It also has reliefs of the god Haby and some symbols of the nomos of High Egypt.
Qasr Al Zayan: A Greco-Roman temple of sandstone that was dedicated to the god Amon. It contains a courtyard with a sanctuary and a chamber with a staircase.
Book your trip to Kharga Oasis
The Kharga Oasis is a majestic tourist place in Egypt that had its importance in the civilization of Egypt. Book now one of our travel packages to Egypt to discover it and other famous destinations like El Cario and Alexandria. Also, check out our Nile cruises to witness the magical attractions of Luxor and Aswan.