Where is the Karnak Temple located?
The Karnak Temple is the largest temple in the world and the largest religious building ever built. It is located in the city of Luxor “Thebes”. The Karnak Temple is known as the Temple of Amon, it was called “Ipet-Isu” which means “The most select of places” in the Middle Empire, also known as “Pr-Imn” which means “House of Amon”. It dates back to 2055 B.C. until about 100 A.D., it had been built for 2000 years.
What Does the Temple Consist Of?
The Karnak Temple consists of a group of temples. The largest space of them and the center of the temple covers sixty-one acres belongs to Amon-Ra (the male God of Thebes).
We can see in the south of the central area his wife the Mut and more temples like the Temple of Jonsu, the Temple of Ptah, the Temple of Ipt, the Temple of Osiris, and the Temple of Montu.
The Temple of Karnak was not only for the gods, but also to the Egyptian rulers who wanted to be memorized, so they left their architectural mark over the centuries, from the beginning of the ancient empire, the middle empire, the new empire, and the Ptolemaic dynasty.
The First Pylon: –
An avenue of ram-headed sphinxes leads to the first pylon. The ram’s head symbolizes the god, Amon. There are 20 rams on each side that were built to protect the temple. The first pylon is the main entrance to the temple and the last building constructed at Karnak.
The Great Open Courtyard: –
The great patio is 100 m long and 80 m wide, it contains ten columns with papyrus capitals. Each column is 21 m high. Only one column exists known as the kiosk of Taharqa, who was the fourth king of the XXV Dynasty. There is also the statue of Ramses II that represents the king wearing the double crown of the High and Low Egypt, at his feet, we find his queen wife.
The Great Hypostyle Hall: –
The Great Hypostyle Hall is the most incredible building in Karnak. It is 103 m long and 52 m wide. It contains 134 gigantic stone columns, the 12 largest columns of all reach the height of 22.40 m with a diameter of 3.5 m, the other 122 columns are 14.75 m high.
The hall was initially built by King Seti who ruled from 1290 to 1279 B.C. The outer walls of the northern hall describe the battle of Seti, while the southern wall is inscribed with the peace treaty of Ramses II with the Hittites.
The Sacred Lake: –
A sacred lake of 120 m by 77 m, making it the largest of its kind. King Tuthmosis III (1473-
1458 B.C.) excavated it. It was used by the priests for purification and other rituals such as navigation. It was the home of the sacred geese of Amon. The lake is bordered with stone and has stairs to descend to the water. We can find the storehouses and the chambers of the priests around the lake.
Explore more with Jakada Tours Egypt
The Karnak Temple is one of the most important attractions in Egypt, where many tourists come from all over the world to visit. If you would like to visit this historical monument and the other archaeological sites of Egypt, then check our travel packages to Egypt and select your trip or other option which is to enjoy the tour on a cruise along the Nile between Luxor and Aswan which is the most adventurous experience in Egypt.