Aswan “Nubia Egypt” is a wonderful city in Egypt. In Aswan, you can find many temples and monuments. Most of the temples in Egypt are on the banks of the Nile River. The annual flooding of the Nile since ancient times turned the nearby lands of the Nile into fertile land but because of the rising flood levels, the crops were lost.
Then the temples sank completely. That is why it was necessary to build a dam to save the temples that are on the banks of the Nile. The High Dam is very important not only as a tourist destination, but it is also important in the life of the whole country.
The History of the Aswan High Dam
In 1889 the construction of the first Aswan Dam “the Lower Aswan Dam” was started. The Low Dam was completed in 1902. The Low Dam was 54 m high and later increased its height in two phases; from 1907 to 1912 and from 1929 to 1933.
In 1946 the Low Dam was about to overflow so they decided to build another dam 8 km upstream. In 1952 the construction of the new “High Dam of Aswan” was started during the time of President Gamal Abd El-Nasser. At first, the United States offered a loan of $270 million but it was withdrawn until mid-1956.
In 1958 the Soviet Union (at the height of the Cold War) offered a $1.12 billion loan at 2% interest. The construction of the High Dam was completed in 1970.
The Construction of the Aswan High Dam
The High Dam is located 13 km south of Aswan. It is 3600 m long and 111 m high. The base is 980 m wide and the summit is 40 m wide. From the construction of the High Dam, Lake Nasser was derived which is considered the largest artificial lake in the world. Lake Nasser is 500 km long, 16 km wide, and occupies 6 thousand m2 of water.
The Benefits of the Aswan High Dam
Economic impact; the High Dam created a new fishing industry around Lake Nasser The Dam has 12 generators of 174 megawatts each so it is considered an important source of hydroelectric production that is half of the electricity needed by all of Egypt.
Ecological impact; the construction of the Dam has effects on the balance of the millennium, which would have on the fauna, flora, and the economy of the inhabitants. That’s why animal species disappeared.
-Great number of the Nubians (almost 90 thousand) lost their houses due to the flooding of the Nasser Lake after the construction of the High Dam.
Aswan with Jakada Tours Egypt
Aswan has many wonderful destinations that attract many tourists like the Unfinished Obelisk and the Temple of Philae. You can also visit the attractions of Luxor and Aswan while enjoying the wonderful views of the pure Nile by cruising on the Nile or book your vacation from our Egypt travel packages to explore many details.