Lovers of indecipherable mysteries will be pleased to know more facts about Pyramids of Giza that remain as hidden as ever. These huge historical monuments were built in an ancient period, and yet they are still extremely perfect. But if we think about it, several ancient monuments share this perfection. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the most famous and curious one, and that is why it requires knowing these amazing facts about it.
12 Facts about ancient Egypt pyramids
Pyramids of Egypt, the legacy of the Pharaohs
The Pyramids of Egypt were the funerary monuments of the great pharaohs. A legacy that still continues to arouse admiration. Undoubtedly, the best known are the Pyramids of Giza. This triad of pyramids are the tombs of the pharaohs Cheops, Kefren, and Mycerinos, who intended to achieve immortality with these impressive monuments, and in a way, they succeeded.
Khufu facts: The Great Pyramid houses the tomb of Cheops “Khufu “. It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world that is still standing. Its infinite blocks of stone are superimposed one on top of the other to raise its 146 meters towards the immaculate blue sky of Egypt, proclaiming the glory of its creator.
Khafre pyramid facts: Next to it is its little one, the pyramid of Chephren “Khafre “, built by this pharaoh, son of Cheops. Being located on the higher ground gives the impression that its size is greater than that of Cheops, so for some time had the name Great Pyramid. However, it’s 143 meters.
Menkaure facts: Finally, the smallest of the Egyptian Pyramids is the one dedicated to the pharaoh Mycerinos”Menkaure”, which in ancient times was covered with pink marble. Although it is “only” 65 meters high, it is often nicknamed the “divine pyramid”. Around it are the pyramids of the queens, small constructions dedicated to housing the tombs of the consorts of these pharaohs.
The Pyramids Of Giza Are Not Three
The vast majority of people think that in the Giza Plateau there are only three pyramids: Cheops, Chephren, and Menkaura. In addition to these three pyramids of the great pharaohs of the third dynasty, there are also three other pyramids of the queens. These are much smaller and usually go unnoticed.
But if you look closely, you will see that there are three small pyramids next to the Pyramid of Cheops and three others next to the Pyramid of Mycerinus.
Don’t Miss Our Half-day Tour to Pyramids of Giza & Sphinx
The Pyramids Of Giza Are Perfectly Aligned
You only have to step on the Giza Plateau to realize that the pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Mycerinus are not placed in any way but are perfectly aligned.
It is that the ancient Egyptians were very spiritual beings who believed that the stars of Orion were associated with Osiris, the protective god of the departed in the afterlife. That is why the three pyramids are aligned with this constellation so that Osiris protects the three great pharaohs.
The Pyramids Of Giza Were Not Built By Slaves
Contrary to what has been thought for a long time, the Pyramids of Giza were not built by slaves, but by salaried workers and perhaps this is one of the most surprising curiosities about the Pyramids of Giza.
This information came to light thanks to some writings that were found about the workers’ schedules. In them, it could be seen that the workers had a break at noon to eat, something that in case of being slaves they would not have.
In addition, it is said that the skeletons of some workers of the pyramids were found and that they had near the body vessels that they used to eat and drink while they worked in the construction of the pyramids, things that were not allowed to slaves. This would be demonstrated by the discovery, made public in 2010, of a series of workers’ tombs next to the pyramids themselves, something that, according to the Egyptian archaeologists who found them, would never have been possible if they were slaves.
The Pyramids Of Giza Are Not The Only Ones In Egypt.
The Pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Mycerinus are not the only pyramids in Egypt. Some of the other best-known pyramids in Egypt are the Step Pyramid of Saqqara, the Bent Pyramid of Dahshor, the Red Pyramid of Dahshur, and the Pyramid of Meidum.
Don’t miss to visit the complex of pyramids during your trip from Pyramids Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur – Cairo Layover Tour
The Great Pyramids Measures Less Than When It Was Built.
When it was built, back in 2570 BC, the Pyramid of Cheops measured 146 meters. Due to the wearing away of the limestone facing that covered the entire surface of the pyramid and the theft of some stone blocks from the top, today the Great Pyramid measures 138 meters.
The Pyramids Of Keops Is a Puzzle Of Million Of Pieces.
It is estimated that no less than 2,500,000 stone blocks were used in the construction of the Pyramid of Cheops. And don’t think that’s a small amount, no no. Each of the stone blocks at the base of the pyramid weighs approximately 17 tons and those at the top weigh about 2 tons each.
One piece Every Two And A Half minutes
It is estimated that the construction of the Great Pyramid of Cheops lasted between 20 and 30 years. Scientists have calculated that if this estimate is correct and taking into account that 2.5 million stone blocks were used, a block should have been placed approximately every two and a half minutes.
The Pyramids Are Guarded By The Sphinx.
The three pyramids of Giza are guarded by the Great Sphinx, a monumental sculpture 20 meters high and 70 meters long. It is believed that this huge statue, with the head of a human and the body of a lion, could represent Kefren, but there is no proof of this. Besides, it is located right in front of the Pyramid of Chephren. Could it be a coincidence?
The Pyramid Of Keops Is Used As A CLock.
Just by looking at the Cheops Pyramid, you can tell what time it is in Egypt. Or so they say. The shadows created on the Great Pyramid are supposed to indicate the exact time, the solstices, and equinoxes. The truth is that we haven’t seen it, but coming from the ancient Egyptians, anything is possible. Everyone knows that the ancient Egyptians had superior knowledge of science and that astrology was one of the things they were best at, so we don’t think it’s a coincidence that you can see the time on the Great Pyramid.
The Construction Of The Pyramids Remains A Great Mystery.
How the blocks of stone were transported from the quarry and piled up to build the pyramids would undoubtedly be one of the greatest curiosities about the Pyramids of Giza. But it is not yet known.
Some of the theories of experts indicate that the ancient Egyptians could have used wooden or bronze levers to lift the blocks and that they had hydraulic systems to moisten the sand and transport the blocks more easily from the quarry. But in reality, none of these theories have been proven so far, so 4600 years later, the construction of the pyramids remains a mystery.
The Location Of The Pyramids On The West Bank Of The Nile Is No Accident.
Nothing the ancient Egyptians did is a coincidence and neither is the location of the Pyramids of Giza on the west bank of the Nile. All the necropolises in Egypt are located west of the Nile because in Ancient Egypt the east represented life and the west represented death. The Egyptians said that just as the sun rises in the east and dies in the west, life also rises in the east and ends in the west.
12 Interesting facts about the pyramids of Giza for kids
- Ancient Egyptian civilization was located along the Nile River in northeast Africa. The Nile was the source of much of Egypt’s ancient wealth. Great Egyptian cities grew along the Nile as the Egyptians became skilled in irrigation and were able to use the water of the Nile to produce profitable crops.
- Ancient Egypt was rich in culture, including government, religion, arts, and writing. Government and religion were related as the leader of the government, the pharaoh, was also the leader of the religion. The letter was also important to keep the government in good shape. Only scribes could read and write and were considered powerful people.
- Most of the pyramids of ancient Egypt were built as tombs for the pharaohs (rulers of ancient Egypt) and their families.
- The afterlife was extremely important to the Egyptians. They believed that by preserving the body of the deceased, as they had done in the mummification process, his soul would live forever in the afterlife.
- Both ancient Egyptians and women wore makeup. Eye paint was usually green (copper) or black (lead). The Egyptians believed that makeup not only protects against the sun but also has magical healing power.
- The Egyptian alphabet contained more than 700 hieroglyphs.
- The inside of each pyramid is different and has been designed to suit the interests of the pharaoh. Most of the pyramids built for the pharaohs have many chambers and entrances, with doors made of stone and sometimes even gold. Hieroglyphs and images of the pharaoh’s life were used to decorate these chambers.
- The pyramid complex at Giza is guarded by the monolithic Sphinx, a lion with the head of a man.
- The position of each pyramid is such that each side of its slopes would face exactly in all directions: east, west, north, and south.
- Most of the pyramids were built with limestone, while some, like the Great Pyramid, also had granite.
- The ancient Egyptians considered cats sacred animals. Most families are believed to have kept a cat as a pet, which they believed would bring good luck to the house.
- The ancient Egyptians invented many things that we still use, such as paper, pens, locks and keys, and toothpaste.
The pyramids of Giza represent one of the greatest architectural achievements of the ancient world. Every year, Egyptologists discover new details and secrets of these engineering marvels. The pyramid complex at Giza has attracted visitors from around the world for centuries, and children around the world who study the mysteries of ancient Egypt can’t help but associate the pyramids with the great pharaohs.
Planning to visit Egypt with your kids?! So don’t miss to check out our Egypt Family Tours!