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(+20) 101 777 4068 info@jakadatoursegypt.com

Cairo | The Capital of Egypt | Discover Egypt City in 2024/2025

Welcome to the heart of Egypt, where history, culture, and vibrant city life converge – welcome to Cairo. Nestled along the iconic Nile River, Cairo stands as a testament to the ancient wonders of the past and the bustling energy of the present. In this blog, we embark on a journey through the city’s winding streets, exploring its world-famous landmarks, hidden gems, and the unique blend of tradition and modernity that defines this metropolis. From the awe-inspiring pyramids of Giza to the bustling Khan El Khalili market, Cairo beckons with tales of pharaohs, medieval grandeur, and the pulsating rhythm of everyday life. Join us as we unravel the layers of Cairo’s narrative, discovering the magic that makes this city an enduring symbol of Egypt’s rich heritage.

Cairo, the Capital of Egypt

Cairo is the capital of Egypt. It is considered the largest city in the Middle East and Africa. It is also known as “the city of a thousand minarets” because of its large number of mosques. Cairo in Arabic is “Al-Qahirah” which means the victorious one.

It has more than 20 million inhabitants. It is located in the north of Egypt, in the south of Delta, and on the bank of the Nile river. It occupies 528 km2. It is 120 km from the Suez Canal, 165 km from the south of the Mediterranean.

Cairo is a mixture of several civilizations; the historical, the modern, the Coptic, and the Islamic. It is considered the gateway to Egypt because it is the center that can move anywhere.

Cairo, the Capital of Egypt

The History of Cairo

It is from the Old Empire between the years 2635 and 2155 (of the dynasty III to VI) the period of the construction of the pyramids.

The current history of Cairo starts from 116 BC. The Romans founded a city and fortress that was the first city inhabited by the Copts.

In 640 A.D. the Muslims invaded Egypt. Amr Ibn Alas founded “Fustat” which is considered the first capital of Egypt and the administrative center. In 641 A.D. he built the Mosque of Amr Ibn Alas in this city.

In 750 A.D. Emperor Suleiman “of the Abbasids” founded the city “Al-Askar” as a military settlement. Only the Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun comes from this city.

In 969 A.D. Gawhar “of the Fatimids” founded Cairo and the Al-Azhar Mosque as the second Islamic university in the world.

In 1176 A.D. Saladin “of the Ayyubid dynasty” built the Citadel of Saladin as an administrative center.

It is considered the capital of Egypt since the Ottoman Empire with its new mosques, markets, public baths, madrasas, and other constructions.

In 1340 it was considered the most important city in Africa.

history of cairo

Climate in Cairo

Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, has a hot desert climate characterized by high temperatures and low precipitation. Here’s a breakdown of the different seasons and the typical climate in Cairo:

  • Summer (June to August): Cairo experiences extremely hot summers with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F) during the day. The nights can still be warm. Dry conditions and clear skies characterize this period. Summer is not the most comfortable time for outdoor activities due to the intense heat.
  • Autumn (September to November): Autumn sees a gradual decrease in temperatures, making it a more pleasant time to visit. Daytime temperatures become more moderate, ranging from warm to hot. The evenings and nights become cooler. This season is considered one of the better times to explore Cairo.
  • Winter (December to February): Winter in Cairo is mild and comfortable. Daytime temperatures range from cool to warm, while nights can be chilly. This season is the peak tourist period, as the weather is generally favorable for sightseeing and outdoor activities.
  • Spring (March to May): Spring is another good time to visit Cairo. Temperatures start to rise, but they remain relatively moderate. Spring offers pleasant weather, making it suitable for exploring historical sites and enjoying outdoor attractions.
    Throughout the year, Cairo experiences minimal rainfall, and the city is known for its predominantly sunny weather. Sandstorms are possible, especially in the spring, as winds blow in from the desert.

Cairo Attractions

There are many tourist and historical places in Cairo. The Pharaonic, the Islamic, the Christian, and the Coptic are mixed. It has numerous mosques and churches. There are also the pyramids and the Great Egyptian Museum.

1-The Pyramids of Giza

The three Pyramids of Giza (Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure) are the main and most famous pyramids of the pyramids of Egypt. The Great Pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

2- The Great Sphinx

It is in the Giza Complex with the three Giza Pyramids. King Kephren built the Sphinx with the form of a human head as a symbol of intelligence and a lion’s body as a symbol of strength.

3- The Citadel of Saladin

It was an administrative center in the Ayyubid dynasty. Saladin built it between 1176 and 1183 AD. It contains one of the famous mosques it’s the Mosque of Muhammad Ali.

4-The Bazaar of Khan El-Khalili

A very important market that contains all kinds of stores of colored lamps, fabrics, jewelry, and many others. It is considered more famous in Egypt and the Middle East.

5-The Valley Temple

It is in the Giza Complex, near the Great Sphinx. In this temple, they made the process of mummification.

6- The Hanging Church

It is also known as The Church of the Virgin Mary. It is in Old Cairo and one of the oldest churches. It was built on the Roman fortress in the third or fourth century AD.

Visit Cairo with Jakada Tours Egypt

Don’t miss the opportunity to closely explore the land of the pharaohs and enjoy the whole country on organized trips. If you care about this wonderful civilization, see our Egypt tour packages and choose your preferred trip to Egypt. Also, don’t miss the opportunity to enjoy a cruise on the Nile between Luxor and Aswan.

City of a Thousand Minarets

Cairo is often called the “City of a Thousand Minarets.” This nickname is a testament to the city’s skyline, adorned with numerous minarets that punctuate the horizon. The moniker reflects the rich Islamic heritage and the prevalence of mosques throughout Cairo. The city’s architectural landscape is characterized by the elegant and slender towers of these minarets, which serve as visual landmarks and contribute to the unique charm of Cairo.

The phrase emphasizes Cairo’s historical and cultural significance as a center of Islamic civilization. Many of these minarets belong to centuries-old mosques, each with its unique architectural style and historical importance. The skyline of Cairo, with its silhouette of countless minarets, encapsulates the city’s role as a focal point for Islamic art, scholarship, and religious expression.

One of the most notable mosques contributing to Cairo’s title is the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, known for its massive minaret and distinctive architectural features. Additionally, the historic mosques of Al-Azhar and Sultan Hassan, among others, contribute to the city’s reputation as the “City of a Thousand Minarets.” This nickname captures the essence of Cairo’s Islamic heritage, making it a captivating destination for those interested in exploring the intersection of history, architecture, and religion.

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