Egypt contains several destinations that are suitable for every tourist’s interest. The Oasis in Egypt is considered to be unique destinations for those who seek deference, natural beauty, and tranquility. Oases in Egypt are wonderful and you have part of the ancient Egyptian civilization.
One of the famous Oasis in Egypt is the Bahariya Oasis. It is located in the Western Desert of Egypt, closer to Farafra Oasis. It is 420 km from Cairo. Its extension is 2000 km2. The Bahariya Oasis is known as the oasis of the north.
The History of Bahariya Oasis
It was inhabited since the predynastic. In the Pharaonic period, it was the center of agriculture. In the Middle Empire, it was noted for its wine. In the XXVI dynasty, it was an important center of agriculture and commerce. In the Greco-Roman era, they began to fight to take control of the Bahariya Oasis because of its importance but from this moment began the decline of agriculture and the economy. The Bahariya Oasis began to become famous for tourism in the world in the ’90s when some monuments from the Greco-Roman period were discovered.
Description of the Bahariya Oasis
It is formed by black volcanic rocks. It is surrounded by mountains and black rocks full of quartz. There are date palms and trees of different productions such as guavas, mangos, and olives. It has 5 villages Mariya, El Qasr, Zabu, Al Heiz, and Bawiti (the capital of the Oasis). The name of Bahariya comes from the Arabic word “Bahr” which means the sea because the Mediterranean Sea is to the north of the oasis.
Bahariya Oasis Attractions
In 1992 the Valley of the Mummies was discovered, which dates back to Greco-Roman times. This valley contains 10 thousand mummies and is also known as the “Golden Mummy”. Near the Valley of the Mummies are the ruins of the Roman Fortress which is considered the largest fortress of the Roman era in the Western oases.
There are also thermal springs that are considered a treatment destination. There are also the remains of the Basilica Church which was built in the 5th century. It can also highlight the Temple of Alexander the Great which is the only building built in honor of Alexander the Great.
Safari in the Bahariya Oasis
Enjoy an adventure in the Oasis of Egypt with our travel packages to Egypt where you can find other tourist destinations. You can also book a Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan to visit the majestic temples of Upper Egypt.